This prominent peak overlooking the Jordan Valley is the traditional site of the Biblical story in which Moses climbs to the top of the mountain, looks out over the Promised Land, and dies. This peak has long been identified as the location of the story and goes by no other name.
Although Moses is a key figure in all the Abrahamic faiths, the mountain holds evidence mainly of Christian structures (meanwhile, a variety of sites associated with Moses, especially springs, are scattered throughout the region). Byzantine chapels at the mountain’s summit date to the sixth century, and two layers of mosaic floors are remarkably well preserved. Their iconography is not especially religious: wild animals both native and foreign to the region are pursued by human hunters. An original mosaic from the early sixth century is extraordinarily well preserved as another was laid on top of it just decades later, and the entire complex was excavated only in the 1970s.
For the traveler with a map and an interest in religious history or the region’s geography, the mountaintop is an excellent viewpoint. Jerusalem may be visible from the top, depending on air conditions; and the Dead Sea, the sites of Sodom and Gomorrah, the Jordan River, and Jericho are all within the panorama.