Just north of the ruins of ancient Avdat lies the Ein Avdat National Park. Located within the ravine of Nahal Zin, the longest wadi in the Negev, the stream of Ein Avdat has carved a steep canyon in the white limestone that comprises much of the region. This visually stunning canyon follows the meandering path of the stream, and its walls stretch skyward to shade the occasional pool from the intense desert sun. At the upper end of the park, water from the surrounding Negev Highlands rushes down into the deep canyon, creating a steep waterfall.
Historical evidence suggests that the Ein Avdat area was inhabited during prehistoric times, and archaeological remnants of the Paleolithic Period, the Mesolithic Period, and the Bronze Age have been identified at the site. During the Byzantine Period, a number of Christian monks resided in the caves that dot the canyon walls at Ein Avdat; they carved dwellings and water systems into the rock and decorated cave walls with religious imagery and artwork.
Today, visitors can follow the winding path of the stream and visit these pools and caves along the way. While moving through the canyon, walkers should keep their eyes open for wildlife; the vegetation growing on the banks of the stream attracts a variety of rare birds and mammals, including ibex and a number of unique desert rodents.